[visionlist] immunity from illusions

Michael Proulx mproulxjhu at gmail.com
Sat Feb 18 13:14:47 EST 2017


Evolutionary! The anatomical influences first noted by Schwarzkopf extend
to species specific differences in susceptibility to visual illusions, too:

http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnana.2014.00051/full

de Sousa, A. A., & Proulx, M. J. (2014). What can volumes reveal about
human brain evolution? A framework for bridging behavioral, histometric,
and volumetric perspectives. *Frontiers in Neuroanatomy*, *8*, 51.

Best wishes,
Michael

Michael J. Proulx, PhD

Associate Professor (Reader) in Psychology

Department of Psychology

University of Bath

m.j.proulx at bath.ac.uk

http://people.bath.ac.uk/mjp51

Twitter: @MichaelProulx <https://twitter.com/MichaelProulx>

On 18 Feb 2017 17:57, "Marco Bertamini" <marco.bertamini at gmail.com> wrote:

> To summarise various contributions, here is a list of factors modulating
> responses to visual illusions and thus contributing to individual
> differences:
>
>
>
> Age. Simon Rushton has already mentioned Piaget (Piaget et al., 1942).
> There is also more recent work (Doherty et al., 2010)
>
> Anatomy. Size illusions correlate to size of V1 (Schwarzkopf et al.,
> 2011). I imagine the individual differences reviewed by David Peterzell
> (2016) may also relate to different sensitivity to visual illusions.
>
> Autism spectrum. Many studies on this (best known study by Happé, 1996;
> recent review in Gori et al., 2016)
>
> Culture. The Himba in Namibia have weaker illusions, may focus more on
> local info (de Fockert et al., 2007). Also Asians differ from Westerners,
> showing greater sensitivity to context in size illusions (Doherty et al.,
> 2008).
>
> Developmental dyslexia. Slaghuis et al. (1996) using Ternus stimulus,
> found a reduction of group motion.
>
> Schiophrenia (review in Notredame et al., 2014, see also link in Chris
> Sims post to an article by Laura Sanders).
>
> Schizotypy. Not sure whether this should be listed separately from
> schizophrenia (Partos et al., 2016).
>
> Sex. In relation to males having a stronger lateralisation (Rasmjou et
> al., 1999)
>
>
>
> It has also already been mentioned that recent work found weak
> correlations between visual illusions in a sample of over 100 people (Grzeczkowski
> et al., 2016) thus suggesting that maybe some variability is
> idiosyncratic.
>
>
>
> Are there more factors to add to the list?
>
>
>
> Cheers,  Marco
>
>
>
>
>
> de Fockert, J., Davidoff, J., Fagot, J., Parron, C., & Goldstein, J.
> (2007). More accurate size contrast judgments in the Ebbinghaus Illusion by
> a remote culture. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and
> Performance, 33, 738-742.
>
> Doherty, M. J., Campbell, N. M., Tsuji, H., & Phillips, W. A. (2010). The
> Ebbinghaus illusion deceives adults but not young children. Developmental
> science, 13(5), 714-721.
>
> Doherty, M., Tsuji, H. & Phillips W.A. (2008). The context sensitivity of
> visual size perception varies across cultures. Perception, 37, 1426-1433
>
> Gori, S., Molteni, M., & Facoetti, A. (2016). Visual Illusions: An
> Interesting Tool to Investigate Developmental Dyslexia and Autism Spectrum
> Disorder. *Frontiers in human neuroscience, 10*.
>
> Grzeczkowski, L., Clarke, A.M., Francis, G., Mast, F.W., & Herzog, M.H.
> (2017). About individual differences in vision. *Vision Research.*
>
> Happé, F. G. (1996). Studying weak central coherence at low levels:
> children with autism do not succumb to visual illusions. A research note.
> Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37(7), 873-877.
>
> Notredame, C. E., Pins, D., Deneve, S., and Jardri, R. (2014). What visual
> illusions teach us about schizophrenia. Frontiers Integr. Neurosci. 12:63.
>
> Partos, T.R., Cropper, S.J., & Rawlings, D. (2016). You Don’t See What I
> See: Individual Differences in the Perception of Meaning from Visual
> Stimuli. PloS one, 11(3), e0150615.
>
> Peterzell, D. H., & Kennedy, J. F. (2016). Discovering sensory processes
> using individual differences: A review and factor analytic manifesto.
> Electronic Imaging, 2016(16), 1-11.
>
> Piaget, J., Lambercier, M., Boesch, E., & von Albertini, B. (1942).
> Introduction a l'etude des perceptions chez l'enfant et analyse d'une
> illusion relative a la perception visuelle de cercles concentriques
> (Delboeuf). *Archives de Psychologie, 29*, 1-107.
>
> Rasmjou, S., Hausmann, M., & Güntürkün, O. (1999). Hemispheric dominance
> and gender in the perception of an illusion. *Neuropsychologia, 37(9)*,
> 1041-1047.
>
> Schwarzkopf, D.S., Song, C., & Rees, G. (2011). The surface area of human
> V1 predicts the subjective experience of object size. *Nature
> Neuroscience, 14(1)*, 28-30.
>
> Slaghuis, W.L., Twell, A.J., and Kingston, K.R. (1996). Visual and
> language processing disorders are concurrent in dyslexia and continue into
> adulthood. *Cortex 32*, 413-438.
>
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